Today in 1954, the European Organization for Nuclear Research was formed. The acronym CERN comes from the original French name, Conseil européen pour la recherche nucléaire. It is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. CERN houses the largest particle physics laboratory in the world, and is open to scientists and researchers from any of its 22 member states. Numerous scientific discoveries and breakthroughs related to particle physics have since come from CERN. It is also the birthplace of the World Wide Web.
Today in 1962, the NS Savannah made its maiden voyage. It was built in the late 1950's and was the first nuclear-powered civilian ship. She was in service for almost 10 years, serving as a luxury yacht/cargo vessel, before being decommissioned in January 1971 for financial reasons. Currently, NS Savannah can be found moored at Pier 13 of the Canton Marine Terminal in Baltimore, Maryland.
Today in 1945, the first nuclear explosion, code named Trinity, took place at then USAAF Alamogordo Bombing and Gunnery Range in the Jornada del Muerto desert in New Mexico. "The Gadget" was an implosion-design plutonium device, nearly identical to the "Fat Man" used less than a month later to bomb the Japanese city of Nagasaki. Image Credit: Wikipedia